The starting point was a new technique – the bending of solid wood – that Michael Thonet perfected during the 1850s, enabling mass production. Added were new and simple aesthetics and a low price, which represented a revolution in interior design: suddenly, homes, restaurants and cafés looked entirely different; they were lighter and less massive.
In 1819, Michael Thonet (1796-1871) established a building and furniture workshop in Boppard on the River Rhine. It was the birth of their company. During the 1830s he experimented with veneer strips boiled in glue; after several years, he succeeded in inventing “solid bentwood furniture.” Thonet is considered a pioneer of industrial design, and the chair no. 14 – today 214 – is considered the most successful industrial product in the world: it established the starting point for the history of modern furniture.